What is Coco Coir – Definition, Origin and Uses
Definition of Coco Coir
Formerly, coconuts were only used to get coconut water or coconut rice (copra) and the rest were considered waste products. All materials from the shell to the inner layers were discarded. However, we will probably be surprised because up to now, they are not useless and are used widely in life.
- Coconut roots are used to make dyes. In addition, it is a raw material used to produce some special medicines
- Coconut tree trunks (also known as coconut poles) are used in irrigation works. Coconut tuber on the stem is also a well-known dish.
- Coconut leaves are raw materials used to make a number of utensils namely brooms, baskets, etc. or to roof
- Coconut rice (copra) and coconut water are ingredients for food and drink processing, which is great for health
- Coconut shells are used in the production of handicrafts or fuels and so on.
Coconut shell is the only familiar material that people know about, especially its application. Even now, coconut fiber is kind of popular, but where is it made from or how does it work? or any related questions always make us curious about.
So what is coco coir?
Nowadays, traditional soil is increasingly contaminated with heavy metals, leading to poor nutrients, coco coir is the type of soil that people is getting more and more interested in. There are many alternative names for coco coir, which are cocopeat or coir pith. They are all include the dust and the coconut fiber extracted from the coconut shell. This is an organic substrate from coconut shells that can replace the traditional soil without harming the environment. Recently, coco coir is widely applied in many fields, especially high-tech agriculture. Cocopeat has become a universal growing medium, used in greenhouses, nurseries, or hydroponics. Furthermore, cocopeat is also used in husbandry and seed production.
The origin of coco coir
Coco coir was first used in Western countries from the 1980s, a period before which people used “peat” (or peat moss) as a substrate mainly for cultivation. At that time, coco coir was rediscovered as a turning point, not yet popular and prevalent since people literally did not know how to process them to get the best effect. Hence, the quality was still low back then.
Manufacturing of coco coir
- The decisive factor for product quality of Coco Coir Global is based on coconut shell. After being purchased from growers, coconut shells are processed until they are dried and turns golden brown.
- Qualified coconut shell is put into the blender to extract cocopeat (coconut powder) and coconut fibre.
- Coconut fibre and cocopeat are processed several times through fresh water to flush out the acrid as well as change the pH and EC to the standard levels. There are many areas that use saline water to flush out the coconut fibre and cocopeat; hence the cost of the products will be cheaper. However, this would negatively affect the crops, which is not good.
- Cocopeat and coconut fiber are dried to handle moisture to the required levels of customers. Besides, Coco Coir Global has heat treatment at high temperature to thoroughly kill harmful bacteria (if any)
- Treated cocopeat and coconut fiber are passed through the sieve cage to classify peat and fiber. Sieve cage also helps to remove the impurities so that cocopeat and coconut fiber are completely clean without having any stones or trash blended with.
Advantages of coco coir
- Coco coir is a product with 100% organic ingredients.
- With the available characteristics, coco coir has the porosity which helps the soil to aerate better and the roots grow faster.
- Coco coir has about 30% more moisture and nutrients than other types of growing media (soil). It can hold water and nutrients until the plants absorb fully them. With such an incredible advantage, we are able to save not only water but also effort.
- Coco Coir Growing Medium provides an ideal and favorable condition for fungi and beneficial bacteria to grow. Many customers are quite worried when they see strange phenomena and think that the cocopeat is moldy, however, it is simply a beneficial for plants.
- Cocopeat and coconut fiber when combined with coconut chips would bring benefits to plants. Coconut chips also can substitute for perlite to loosen the growing medium and help to increase drainage, aeration and higher yield.
- Because of the soaring demand of using coco coir, there is a spectacular growth in coco coir market in general and the consuming coco coir products in particular. Nevertheless, customers indeed need to be concious and attentive when choosing product lines that are appropriate and suitable for their purposes and criteria. In addtion, customers should also avoid unknown and inferior products in order for plants not to have bad effects.
Coco Coir is a leading manufacturer and supplier of coco coir products in Vietnam. Our products are organic and ISO certified, which makes customers trusted and satisfied. Besides, we also provide responsively as well as promptly customer services with a great deal of useful advice and interesting promotions.
You might be interested in Application of Coco Coir