What is Coco Coir? – Definition and Advantages



Formerly, coconuts were only used to get coconut water or coconut rice/meat (copra) and the rest were considered waste products. All materials from the shell to the inner layers were discarded. However, it will probably surprise you because up to now, they actually have many valuable in daily life:

  • Application of Coconut roots are used to make dyes. In addition, it is a raw material produce some special medicines
  • Coconut tree trunks (also known as coconut poles) are used in irrigation works. Coconut tuber on the stem is also a well-known dish.
  • With Coconut leaves are raw materials to make a number of utensils, namely brooms, baskets, etc., or roofs
  • The Coconut rice (copra) and coconut water are ingredients for food and drink processing, which is great for health
  • Coconut husks are resources in the production of handicrafts or fuels and so on.

Coconut husk is the only familiar material that people know about, especially its application. Even now, coconut fiber is kind of popular, but where is it made from or how does it work? or any related questions always make us curious about it.

So what is coco coir?

Nowadays, traditional soils are increasingly polluted with heavy metals, resulting in nutrient deficiency, coco coir is the type of soilless growing medium/ growing substrate that is getting more and more popular to growers. There are many alternative names for coco coir, which are coco peat, coir pith, coconut husk, coconut fiber, etc. They are considered interchangeable names and are used differently in each country. However, coco coir and coco peat are the most common words.

They all include the fine peat, fiber (string material) and chips (small chunks) extracted from the coconut husks (the outer shell of the coconut). This is an organic growing substrate that can be replaced the traditional soils without harming the environment.

Recently, coco peat has become a universal growing medium and are widely used for professional horticulture and cultivation. Furthermore, coco peat is also applied in the fertilizer production husbandry.


The origin of coco coir

The coconut coir was first used in Western countries from the 1980s, a period before which people used “peat” (or peat moss) as a substrate mainly for horticulture. At that time, coco coir was rediscovered as a turning point, not yet popular and prevalent since people literally did not know how to process them to get the best effect. Hence, the quality was still low back then.

Manufacturing of coco coir

  • The decisive factor for the product quality of Coco Coir Global is based on the coconut husks. After being collected from growers, they are processing until turning dry and having golden brown color.
  • A qualified coconut husk is put into the blender to extract coco peat (fine powder) and coconut fiber.
  • Coco peat and coco fiber are processing several times through fresh water to flush out the salt contents as well as adjust the pH and EC to the standard levels. There are many areas that use saline water to flush out the coconut fiber and coco peat; hence the cost of the products will be cheaper. However, this would negatively affect the plant growth, which leads to plant death.
  • Coco peat and coconut fiber are dried to low down the moisture to the required levels of customers. Besides, Coco Coir Global also does the heat treatment at a high temperature to thoroughly kill the harmful bacteria in our products.
  • Treated coco peat and coconut fiber are passed through the sieving machine to classify the peat and the fiber. They are then put onto the vibrating machine to remove the unwanted objects so that coco peat and coconut fiber are completely clean without having any stones or trash in them.

Advantages of coco coir with agriculture

  • Coco coir is an organic eco-friendly growing medium.
  • With the outstanding features, coco coir has high air-filled porosity and desirable aeration, which are crucial factors for the healthy root of the plant.
  • It contains about 30% more moisture and nutrients than other types of growing media and can hold water and nutrients well until the plants absorb fully them. With such an incredible advantage, growers are able to save not only water but also effort and costs.
  • Coco Coir Growing Medium provides ideal and favorable conditions for beneficial microbes to thrive, which contributes to the plant growth.
  • Coco peat and coco fiber when combined with coconut chips would bring benefits to some of the plants. Coconut chips also can substitute for perlite to with many advantages namely water and nutrients retention, pH stability, disease resistance, pest control and so on.
  • Because of the soaring demand for using coco coir, there is spectacular growth in the coco coir market in general and the consuming coco coir products in particular. Nevertheless, customers indeed need to be conscious and attentive when choosing product lines that are appropriate and suitable for their purposes and criteria. In addition, customers should also avoid unknown and inferior products in order for plants not to have bad effects.

Coco Coir Global is a leading and trusted manufacturer and supplier of coco coir products in Vietnam. Our products are OMRI Listed for organic use and ISO certified. They are also periodically tested for harmful microbes, heavy metals and pesticides conducted by accredited third-party inspection and laboratories in Vietnam and the US. Our factory is also able to supply consistent products in bulk and various forms all year round without interruption. Thus, customers can rest assured about our product quality and also our supply capability. Besides, we also provide responsively as well as prompt customer services with a great deal of useful advice and appealing promotions.

You might be interested in Application of Coco Coir

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