How To: A General Guide To Growing Citrus Plant With Coco Peat

Citrus trees are a great addition to any garden or indoor environment, with their vivid fruits and enticing aroma. It is critical to provide the best growing medium for these sun-loving plants in order for them to thrive. Coco peat, which is made from coconut husks, has become a favorite choice among citrus fans.

How to grow Citrus Plant with Coco Peat

About the plant:

The sweet orange (citrus x sinensis) is a sensitive perennial fruit in the Citrus family that grows on full-sized and dwarf trees. Oranges are a summer fruit that grows best in warm conditions and is extremely susceptible to cold and frost.

Among the most common orange kinds are:

  • Valencia oranges: Valencia oranges are native to Orange County, California, and are often used to make fresh-squeezed orange juice.
  • Trovita is a hardy orange that thrives in chilly areas.
  • Ruby (or Blood): a smaller fruit with fewer seeds, jewel-toned flesh, and a tart, tangy flavor.
  • Washington Navel oranges are a huge, seedless orange that is simple to peel and grows well in Southern California.

See more:

There are also sour oranges, such as Willowleaf oranges and Seville oranges, that are great for marmalade.

Growing the actual plant:

Season of the citrus grow:

Oranges are a delicate crop that must be planted at least six weeks after the last frost date, when the air and soil temperatures are continuously warm.

Due to the perennial warmth, residents of the commercial citrus belt, which stretches from Southern California to Florida, can plant orange trees at any time. Consult your plant hardiness map before planting to see if your area is appropriate for year-round citrus plant development.

Growing the citrus plant, outdoor: 

Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash

Choose a location with plenty of sunlight and loam-rich soil. Because orange trees have strong roots, allow at least a 6-meters radius around full-sized trees and a 3-meters circumference around lesser varieties.

Mound the soil around the base of the young tree, then irrigate the roots once a week with an inch of water.

Growing the citrus plant, from seed:   

Follow 4 steps:

  1. Soak the seeds in water for 1 hour. The seeds must soak in water for at least 24 hours. Discard any seeds that float to the surface after a day or two.
  2. Get your soil ready. Traditional potting mix can be used to grow orange tree seeds. Fill trays with soil and sow the seeds about an inch deep. Cover with soil and add any compost or mulch to help the soil absorb nutrients.
  3. Store in a warm location. Once the seeds have been planted, place them in a warm, moist location with indirect sunshine. For a few weeks, place moist paper towels or plastic bags over the trays to keep the soil moist. Remove the coverings after the seeds begin to grow. Keep in a warm location with plenty of sunlight. If natural light is sparse, supplement with a grow light.
  4. Divide into separate pots. Seeds should continue to sprout and grow. Maintain a moist and warm environment for the seedlings until they are ready to be transplanted into separate containers. Keep the root ball undisturbed when transplanting. Plant in a pot large enough to accommodate the tree’s strong roots in well-draining soil. Place in a warm indoor location with direct sunlight and excellent air circulation. Make certain that your pots include drainage holes. 

Transplanting citrus plants: 

Photo by Hannah Lindahl on Unsplash

You can start growing your orange trees in containers and eventually transplant them into the ground. Dwarf orange trees, like Valencia oranges, can be grown indoors in smaller pots or planters. Indoor germination aids in the control of plant growth before transplanting them outdoors.

  1. Carefully remove the young tree from its container, leaving the root ball alone.
  2. In well-drained soil, dig a deep hole slightly larger than the size of the rootball and its root.
  3. Insert the tree into the hole and cover with soil.
  4. Water at least once a week.

Waiting period for a plant to become a tree: 

Depending on the age of the tree when purchased, it can take three to five years for an orange tree to bear fruit. When the tree eventually starts producing fruit, it takes 7 to 8 months for it to ripen.

The waiting period for citrus trees to bear fruit can vary based on several factors, including the specific variety of citrus, growing conditions, and the age of the tree when purchased. Typically, it can take three to five years for an orange tree to bear fruit, but this timeline may be influenced by the tree’s maturity at the time of acquisition.


Factors such as environmental conditions, soil quality, and care practices also play a significant role in determining the time it takes for the citrus plant to reach maturity and produce fruit. Additionally, citrus enthusiasts should be aware that certain varieties may exhibit variations in their fruit-bearing timelines.


For a more accurate estimate, it is advisable to consult local horticultural experts or nursery professionals who can provide insights based on regional conditions and the specific citrus variety being cultivated.


The job of harvesting (and storing) Orange:

To harvest oranges, use a sharp tool, such as shears or a small knife, to separate the oranges from the stems. You can also pluck the fruit by hand with garden gloves. Oranges no longer ripen once harvested. Refrigerate or store in a cool location. Oranges normally have a shelf life of two to three weeks.

Pruning Orange Tree:

Pruning your orange tree between growing seasons is essential for continued fruit production and new growth. Pruning is best done in late winter or early spring, before the next year’s harvest begins to bud.

Pruning helps form the plant in its first or second year. After the third year, prunes wasted branches or branches that produced fruit the previous year. You should also remove any brown leaves, blooms, or dead/dying branches on a regular basis.

Using Coco Peat for Citrus Plant:<a href="">Image by pvproductions</a> on Freepik

Benefits of Coco peat for Citrus Plants:

  1. Citrus plants flourish in well-drained soil that retains moisture without getting soggy. Coco peat has excellent water retention characteristics, allowing it to retain moisture while maintaining optimum aeration. This feature is especially beneficial in arid locations or when growing citrus in containers since it keeps the soil from drying up too rapidly.
  2. Enhanced Nutrient Absorption: Coco peat functions like a sponge, absorbing and retaining nutrients over time. It fosters a favorable environment for citrus plants to efficiently absorb important nutrients, supporting healthy growth, vigorous foliage, and prolific fruit production. The presence of coco peat in the growing medium guarantees that the citrus trees have easy access to important nutrients.
  3. Citrus plants prefer slightly acidic to neutral soil conditions, which are normally in the pH range of 5.5 to 7.0. Coco peat naturally falls within this range, making it an excellent choice for citrus plant cultivation. It maintains a constant pH environment, limiting severe changes that might impair nutrient availability and plant health overall.
  4. Improved Root Development: Coco peat’s fibrous nature supports great root development in citrus plants. It permits roots to easily penetrate, allowing for enough oxygenation and preventing root asphyxia. Improved root growth results in healthier plants with higher nutrient uptake and overall vitality.
  5. Coco peat is a sustainable and eco-friendly solution for gardeners concerned about the environmental impact of their gardening activities. It is made from renewable coconut husks that would otherwise be thrown away. By utilizing coco peat as a growing medium, you contribute to a more environmentally friendly approach while benefiting your citrus plants.

Additional information on how to use coco peat for orange tree:

Potting Mix: To ensure a well-balanced and nutrient-rich potting mix for your citrus plants, consider the following adjusted ratio:

  • 3 parts Pine Bark: Provides structure, aids in drainage, and contributes organic matter.
  • 3 parts Fir Bark: Enhances aeration, retains moisture, and adds essential nutrients.
  • 2 parts Coco Chips: Improves water retention, fosters aeration, and adds organic material.
  • 1 part Perlite: Enhances drainage and aeration, preventing compaction of the mix.
  • 1 part Well-aged Compost or Black Dirt: Adds vital organic matter, nutrients, and supports overall soil health.

Wartering: It is critical to maintain adequate watering techniques when utilizing coco peat. Because coco peat retains more moisture than ordinary soil, soil moisture levels must be monitored. When the top inch of the growing media feels somewhat dry to the touch, water your citrus plants.

Fertilization: Because coco peat is deficient in nutrients, citrus plants require constant fertilizer. To guarantee appropriate nutrition, use a balanced citrus fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Organic fertilizers and slow-release granules are also acceptable. Try the following, to be more specific:

Apply a 15-15-15 granular fertilizer around the plant, but not too close to the trunk. Every 45-60 days, reapply. You can also try spraying 20-20-20 foliar fertilizer every 35-40 days.


Common Pests and Diseases:

For new citrus growers, understanding potential threats to their plants is crucial. Here’s a brief overview of common pests and diseases affecting citrus trees:


  • Citrus Leafminer: Identifyable by the winding tunnels it creates on new leaves. Regularly inspect leaves for signs and treat with insecticidal soap if detected.
  • Aphids and Scale Insects: These sap-sucking pests can be controlled with neem oil or insecticidal soap.
  • Citrus Canker: Causes lesions on leaves, fruit, and stems. Infected parts should be pruned and destroyed.
  • Citrus Greening (Huanglongbing): A bacterial disease transmitted by psyllids. Affected trees may show yellowing leaves and misshapen fruit. Infected trees should be removed to prevent spread.

Regular monitoring, early detection, and prompt intervention are key to managing these issues and ensuring the health of your citrus plants. Consult with local gardening experts or extension services for region-specific advice on pest and disease management.


That’s all there is to it! Thank you for taking the time to read this far. As previously stated, the plant is rather simple to grow, therefore the post would be shorter. Oh, and we are Coco Coir Global, a distributor and producer of coconut coir and peat products from Vietnam that can transport packs to containers all over the world- we have a range of them, so come take a look around our website and check them out!

Good luck with your development!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Coco coir global

    error: Content is protected !!