[This article has under no circumstances been created for illegal purposes – We suggest that readers should consider the laws and regulations of their area before they learn how to grow cannabis indoors]
Introduction about cannabis
Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis are three psychotropic species that make up the cannabis plant family. When the blooms of these plants are plucked and dried, you are left with one of the world’s most widely used drugs. Some people call it to weed, some call it pot, and others call it marijuana.
Weed’s name has evolved as it has become more popular across the world and is legal in some places. Most people nowadays refer to it as cannabis.
Cannabis is commonly taken for its sedative and soothing properties. In some areas in the United States, it is also prescribed to treat a variety of medical problems including chronic pain, glaucoma, and low appetite.
Keep in mind that, despite the fact that cannabis is derived from a plant and is considered natural, it may nevertheless have powerful effects, both good and negative.
What is required for a cannabis plant to thrive?
- Light: To achieve the highest bud quality and yields, whether you use sunshine or grow lights, you must understand the light demands of a cannabis plant.
- Growing medium: the perfect choice for your cannabis should be coco peat. This soil is rich in nutrients and retains the proper quantity of water to nourish your plants.
- Air: It is ideal to grow in a well-ventilated area with airflow exchange and a slight wind.
- Temperature: If the room feels too hot for you, it’s definitely too hot for your plants. Cannabis, like people, can die when exposed to extreme temperatures.
- Nutrients: you can buy pre-formulated fertilizers to add to water or you can mix your super soil to include all the nutrients you need.
- Water: Cannabis plants love water, but you should adjust the watering schedule to get the best results for your plants.
10 steps beginner-guide to grow cannabis
Step 1: Choose a room for your growing
Growing indoors is private and you can get control over your own plants. As a newbie, you should start with small plots – the smaller the grow, the less expensive it is to set up.
When planning your area, keep in mind that you’ll need to create room for your plants as well as lighting, fans, ducting, and other equipment. You’ll also need some room to work on the plants. In the early stages of flowering, cannabis plants may double in size, so make sure you have enough headroom!
You can grow everywhere that has access to water and fresh air:
- A closet
- Grow tent
- A spare room
- A corner in your basement
- Extra bathroom
- Grow in Grow Bags or Plant Bags in a clean space
Ideally, the location should be near a window so that air from the grow space may be vented outdoors. Weed plant growth stinks! You’ll want to divert air, especially as flowering begins, so your house doesn’t reek of cannabis.
Step 2: Light condition that you need to consider
During their vegetative and blooming phases, cannabis plants require different amounts of light. Plants require 18 hours of light per day during the vegetative stage and 12 hours per day during the blooming stage. The blooming cycle—when cannabis plants begin to develop buds—is triggered by a drop in light from 18 to 12 hours each day.
The amount of light the cannabis plants receive is so important. That’s why your indoor grow area must be light-tight. Light leakage during dark times can confuse your plants, causing them to develop male blooms or shift to a different stage.
There are three most popular types of cannabis grow lights used for indoor growing: HID (high-intensity discharge), Fluorescent grow lights, and LED grow lights. Based on your budgets and purposes to choose the most suitable light for your precious cannabis plants.
Step 3: Choose the best growing medium for your cannabis indoor
Soil is the most classic medium for growing cannabis indoors, as well as the most forgiving, making it a great choice for beginners. Any high-quality potting soil will work, as long as it does not include artificial extended-release fertilizer, which is contradictory with providing great cannabis. However, traditional soil nowadays is no longer appreciated. Instead of that, professional growers are seeking a better and more appropriate soil for cannabis plants. Since the high-quality soil also affects the quality of cannabis plants, which type of soil should you choose to have the best cannabis plant? It would undoubtedly be an eco-friendly organic soil (also known as growth medium) which is Coco Peat.
Learn more about the benefits of Coco Peat in this article!
Step 4: Airflow Cannabis
Plants require fresh air to grow, and carbon dioxide (CO2) is important for the photosynthesis process. This means you’ll need a continuous stream of air streaming through your grow area to move hot air out and cool air in.
The majority of cannabis strains demand an upper-temperature range of 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the room temperature between 55 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit after the lights are turned off. Indica strains favor the cooler end of the temperature spectrum.
An ideal option is to have oscillating fans in your grow room to produce a constant wind, since this will strengthen your plants’ stems, making them stronger and healthier.
Step 5: Nutrients schedule
Choosing the right nutrients for your cannabis plants is one of the most essential steps that decide whether your plant will grow healthily or die in the middle of the process.
There are “super seven” macronutrients that your plants need. In no particular order, these are:
- Nitrogen (N)
- Phosphorous (P)
- Potassium (K)
- Calcium (Ca)
- Magnesium (Mg)
- Iron (Fe)
- Copper (Cu)
Step 6: Choose a “canna-tainer” (container) to put your cannabis in
It is critical to growing your cannabis plants to a size that is appropriate for your space and the container you choose. You will need to transplant your plants every time they double or triple in size.
This requirement can be met by any of Coco Coir Global’s products. Coco Pre-filled Bag or Bagged Coco Peat could undoubtedly serve the demand of growing cannabis plants indoors. Or else, in terms of the Grow bag, all you have to do is sow the seeds into the pre-cut holes and then water them. Because of its convenient and easy-to-transport features, you don’t have to buy pricey and space-consuming potted plants.
Step 7: Get your cannabis plants
You can buy seeds or clones depending on how you want to start. It will save your time if you buy clones. Whether you select seed or clone, you should start with a trusted source. Because the health of your cannabis is primarily determined by genetics.
Step 8: Cannabis loved watering!
Some common mistakes of newbies are that you’ll assume the more water the better and sometimes forget to water your plants.
There are a few obvious factors that influence the frequency of watering and the amount you provide. These factors include the plant’s size, growth stage, and photosynthetic rate (how quickly it grows). There is no exact science to show you how much water to give and how often. Use your love to estimate it!
Step 9: Set up an everyday schedule to take care of your Cannabis
Here is a daily maintenance checklist you should have for your indoor cannabis:
- Water plants
- Check for pests, mold, and nutritional shortages in the plants and soil.
- Remove prune/remove dead leaves from plants if needed and see if they require topping.
- Make sure plants are properly placed and don’t hinder each other’s light.
- Adjust the level of lights if leaf tips are getting burned
- Check temperature and humidity in grow space
- Make sure all equipment, including lights, timers, and fans, is working correctly.
Step 10: Harvest your Cannabis
There are four stages of cannabis from seed to harvest:
- Germination (3-10 days)
- Seedling (2-3 weeks)
- Vegetative (3-16 weeks)
- Flowering (8-11 weeks)
In general, it takes 10-32 weeks to smoke your indoor cannabis. It will be quicker if you plant with clones.
The harvest time will depend on how big you want your plants to be and how frequently you want to harvest—you can have multiple harvests of smaller plants or fewer harvests of bigger plants.
Final thoughts on growing Cannabis at home!
Benefits of growing Cannabis indoors
- High-quality weed: as you invest in the growing environment, equipment, completely control your planting process, schedule, and what you put in your plants, you can grow some top-notch cannabis indoors which is better than the one you buy from shops
- Privacy and security: Even in legal states, you may want to keep your crop hidden from suspicious neighbors and prospective thieves. Indoor gardening allows you to grow quietly behind a closed door.
- Multiple harvests: you can control the size of your cannabis plants, decide when to harvest them, or start another batch after you finished the previous one. Planting consistently each month, each year, throughout the season. They all depend on you!
There is no doubt that you will make mistakes during the process. But be patient, you can learn from your experience, and one day you can smoke your high-as-a-kite cannabis!
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